Throughout 21 CFR and guidance documents for the pharmaceutical, biopharmaceutical, and medical device industries, the application of statistical methods are specified for: setting validation criteria and specifications, performing measurement systems analysis (MSA), conducting stability analysis, using design of experiment (DOE) for process development and validation, developing process control charts, and determining process capability indices.
Different statistical methods are required for each of these particular applications. Data and tolerance intervals are common tools used for setting acceptance criteria and specifications. Simple linear regression and analysis-of-covariance (ANCOVA) are used for setting expiries and conducting stability analysis studies. Two-sample hypothesis tests, analysis-of-variance (ANOVA), regression, and ANCOVA are methods used for analyzing designed experiment for process development and validation studies. Descriptive statistics (distribution